Scholar: Muhammed Abduh (Egypt)

Egyptian scholar, journalist, theologian, jurist, grand mufti and reformer, regarded as an architect of Islamic modernism he was ducated at al-Azhar University, an adherent of the Shadhili Sufi order, although he later renounced his Sufi background. A disciple of Jamal al-Din al-Afghani (d. 1897) he supported pan-Islamism and political activism and edited the journal Al-urwah al-wuthqa (The strongest bond) in the 1880s. Exiled from Egypt 1882-88, during which time he traveled to Syria, North Africa and France striving to emancipate Muslims from the mentality of taqlid (adherence to tradition) while retaining Islamic authenticity. He taught that reason and revelation are inherently compatible and harmonious. His most popular work was Risalat al-tawhid (The theology of unity), which asserts belief in God as a rational act and the need for rational analysis of revelation. His ideas found continuing expression through the journals Al-manar, published by his disciple Muhammed Rashid Rida (d. 1935) and Al-manar al-jadid (est. 1998).

User Settings

Topic Activity
  • 1

    Topic Question

  • 3k

    Total Questions

1 Answered and 0Unanswered.

Top Writers in this topic


670.0 Points   1.0

What we provide!

Vote Content

Great answers start with great insights. Content becomes intriguing when it is voted up or down - ensuring the best answers are always at the top.

Multiple Perspectives

Questions are answered by people with a deep interest in the subject. People from around the world review questions, post answers and add comments.

An authoritative community

Be part of and influence the most important global discussion that is defining our generation and generations to come

Join Now !

Update chat message


Delete chat message

Are you sure you want to delete this message?