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Abu Bakr aka Abdullah ibn Abi Quhafa (573-634) was the Prophet's (saw) closest friend. His achievements included:

  • He was the first free man to unhesitatingly believe the Messenger (saw) in Mecca achieving the title of al-Siddiq,
  • He built the first mosque in Islam in the courtyard of his home,
  • He freed eight slaves including four men: Bilal ibn Ribah, Abu Fakih, Ammar ibn Yasir and Abu Fuhayra and four women: Lubaynah, Al-Nahdiah, Umm Ubays and Harithah bint al-Muammil
  • He was the Prophet's closest advisor and father-in-law,
  • He alone accompanied the Messenger during hijra famously hiding in a cave in Jabal Thawr while pursued by Quraysh,
  • He along with Umar Ibn al-Khattab were the only two viziers in Medina,
  • Abu Bakr provided the money and land for the first mosque constructed by the Prophet (saw) in Medina,
  • Abu Bakr was also one of Muhammad's closest military advisors, and he participated in many battles, often as an army commander,
  • He was told he was amongst ten companions guaranteed paradise,
  • He led the prayers when the Prophet (saw) was on his deathbed,
  • Following the Prophet's (saw) death, Abu Bakr became the first Caliph of the growing Rashidun Caliphate empire,
  • He compiled the first copy of the Qur'an,
  • He put down many rebellions by Arab tribes (the Ridda Wars) and successfully invaded the Byzantine and Sassanid (Persian) Empires, and
  • He recommended Uthman bin Affan to be the next caliph whilst on his deathbed.

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