The Quran's Argument for God considers four possibilities to explain how something was created or came into being or existence:
"Or were they created by nothing? Or were they the creators of themselves? Or did they create the heavens and Earth? Rather, they are not certain." 52:35
The four possibilities are then:
- Created by nothing: "Or were they created by nothing?",
- Self-created: "Or were they the creators of themselves?",
- Created by something created: "or did they create the heavens and the Earth?", which implies a created thing being ultimately created by something else created, or
- Created by something uncreated: "Rather, they are not certain", implying that the denial of God is baseless and therefore the statement implies that there is an uncreated creator.
This argument can also be turned into a universal formula that does not require reference to scripture:
- The universe is finite.
- Finite things could have come from nothing, created themselves, been ultimately created by something created, or been created by something uncreated.
- They could not have come from nothing, created themselves, or have been ultimately created by something created.
- Therefore, they were created by something uncreated.