The permissibility of conducting tests on animals for medical research in Islam is a matter of debate among scholars. Some scholars consider it to be permissible if it is done for the purpose of finding cures for diseases and improving human health, as long as the animals are treated humanely and any harm or suffering caused to them is minimized. Other scholars view the use of animals in medical research as being generally prohibited in Islam, arguing that it is not acceptable to cause harm or suffering to animals for the benefit of humans.
There is no explicit mention of animal testing in the Qur'an or the hadith (sayings and actions of the Prophet Muhammad), so it is not clear whether it is considered to be halal (permissible) or haram (forbidden) in Islam. Some scholars argue that animal testing can be considered halal if it is done for the purpose of improving human health and the animals are treated humanely, while others argue that it is generally not acceptable in Islam because it involves causing harm or suffering to animals.
It is important to note that the permissibility of animal testing in Islam may depend on the specific context and the specific use of animals in the research. It is always advisable to seek the guidance of a qualified Islamic scholar or religious authority when seeking guidance on matters related to Islamic law and practice.
In terms of research and evidence on the use of animals in medical research, there are many studies and reports that have addressed this topic. Some relevant references that may be helpful in understanding the debate around this issue include the following:
"Animal Testing: A Bibliometric Review" by M. Adil Khan and J. M. O'Neill, which provides a review of the literature on animal testing and discusses the various ethical and scientific issues that have been raised in this context.
"The Ethics of Animal Experimentation in Islam" by Muhammad Abdul Bari, which discusses the Islamic perspective on the use of animals in medical research and the various arguments for and against the practice.
"Animal Testing in Islam: A Fiqhi Analysis" by Muhammad Akram Nadwi, which provides a detailed analysis of the Islamic legal (fiqhi) principles that apply to the use of animals in medical research and the ethical considerations involved in this practice.
"Animal Experimentation and the Islamic Ethical Tradition" by Javid Iqbal, which discusses the ethical considerations surrounding the use of animals in medical research from the perspective of the Islamic ethical tradition.
"The Ethical Implications of Animal Experimentation in Islam" by Muhammad Omar Farooq, which provides an overview of the ethical considerations involved in the use of animals in medical research and the Islamic perspective on this practice.
"Animal Experimentation and the Islamic Ethical Tradition: A Review" by Muhammad Ayub, which provides a review of the literature on the use of animals in medical research from the perspective of the Islamic ethical tradition and discusses the various ethical and scientific issues that have been raised in this context.
Again, it is important to note that these references are just a small sample of the available literature on this topic and do not necessarily represent the views of all scholars on the permissibility or prohibition of animal testing.
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