The classical jurists have defined two types of Jizyah:
When a nation signs a treaty with the Islamic caliphate without going to war it pays jizyah al-sulhiyyah. The amount is negotiated by both sides and not fixed.
Jizyah al-anwiyyah is imposed after a state is defeated in war. It is applied upon all free, sane and adult men who are able to pay it. Monks in their monasteries or the poor are exempt. There are differing positions regarding its amount amongst the jurists.
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