وَسَلاَمٌ عَلَيْهِ يَوْمَ وُلِدَ وَيَوْمَ يَمُوتُ وَيَوْمَ يُبْعَثُ حَياًSo Allah acknowledges the birth of Isa (19:33) and Yahya (as) saying clearly peace on 'the day he was born'.
"And peace be on him the day he was born, the day he will die and the day he will be raised" (Qur'an 19:15)
It was narrated that Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudri said:The companions gathered in honour of the Prophet (saw) thanking Allah for blessing us with you. This was witnessed by him and acknowledged by Allah and appreciated by the Angels. That is what a meelad gathering is - to thank Allah for sending the Prophet and to honour and praise him.
"Mu'awiyah (ra) said: 'The Messenger of Allah (saw) went out to a circle of his Companions and said: 'What are you doing?' They replied, 'We have come together to pray to Allah and praise Him for guiding us to His religion, and blessing us with you.' He said, 'I ask you, by Allah, is that the only reason?' They said, 'By Allah, we have not come together for any other reason.' He said, 'I am not asking you to swear to an oath because of any suspicion; rather Jibreel came to me and told me that Allah is boasting of you to the angels.'"
أَخْبَرَنَا سَوَّارُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا مَرْحُومُ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ، عَنْ أَبِي نَعَامَةَ، عَنْ أَبِي عُثْمَانَ النَّهْدِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيِّ، قَالَ قَالَ مُعَاوِيَةُ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم خَرَجَ عَلَى حَلْقَةٍ - يَعْنِي مِنْ أَصْحَابِهِ - فَقَالَ " مَا أَجْلَسَكُمْ " . قَالُوا جَلَسْنَا نَدْعُو اللَّهَ وَنَحْمَدُهُ عَلَى مَا هَدَانَا لِدِينِهِ وَمَنَّ عَلَيْنَا بِكَ . قَالَ " آللَّهِ مَا أَجْلَسَكُمْ إِلاَّ ذَلِكَ " . قَالُوا آللَّهِ مَا أَجْلَسَنَا إِلاَّ ذَلِكَ . قَالَ " أَمَا إِنِّي لَمْ أَسْتَحْلِفْكُمْ تُهَمَةً لَكُمْ وَإِنَّمَا أَتَانِي جِبْرِيلُ عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ فَأَخْبَرَنِي أَنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يُبَاهِي بِكُمُ الْمَلاَئِكَةَ
Mu'awiya ibn Qurra said, "When Iyas was born to me, I invited a group of the Companions (ra) of the Prophet(saw), and I fed them and they made du'a. I said, 'You have made du'a, so may Allah bless you for your du'a. If I make du'a, then please say, "Ameen".' He went on, 'I made a lot of du'a for him for his deen, his intellect and things like that.' He added, 'I still recognise the du'a of that day in him." (Al-Adab al-Mufrad, Imam Bukhari, Saheeh)It is clear that birthdays were celebrated with food and dua's by the companions (ra). These dua's were made in congregation. No companion refused to attend, refused to eat or refused to make du'a. So the companions believed in birthday celebrations as does Imam Bukhari who records this.
سَمِعْتُ مُعَاوِيَةَ بْنَ قُرَّةَ يَقُولُ: لَمَّا وُلِدَ لِي إِيَاسٌ دَعَوْتُ نَفَرًا مِنْ أَصْحَابِ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَأَطْعَمْتُهُمْ، فَدَعَوْا، فَقُلْتُ: إِنَّكُمْ قَدْ دَعَوْتُمْ فَبَارَكَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ فِيمَا دَعَوْتُمْ، وَإِنِّي إِنْ أَدْعُو بِدُعَاءٍ فَأَمِّنُوا، قَالَ: فَدَعَوْتُ لَهُ بِدُعَاءٍ كَثِيرٍ فِي دِينِهِ وَعَقْلِهِ وَكَذَا، قَالَ: فَإِنِّي لَأَتَعَرَّفُ فِيهِ دُعَاءَ يَوْمِئِذ
Abu Qatada Ansari reported that Allah's Messenger (saw) was asked about fasting on Monday, whereupon he said: It is (the day) when I was born and revelation was sent down to me. (Muslim)The Prophet (saw) fasted on his weekly birthday and he remembered the day of his birth regularly via a religious act. So, we should also remember it regularly with a religious act as it's his sunnah.
The Prophet (saw) went with Abu Darda to the house of Amir Ansari and found him to be talking about the events of the birth of Prophet (saw) to a gathering of his friends and children and was repeating 'this was the day' (i.e. 12th Rabi-ul awwal). The Prophet (saw) stated, "O Amir Allah has opened the doors of his mercy for you and the Angels are praying for your forgiveness. Whoever does this act of yours, he would also get the salvation like yours". (Imam Suyuti)6. Are we required as Muslims to celebrate our children's birthdays:
Aishah (r) narrated that the Allah's Messenger (saw) commanded us to sacrifice two sheep for a boy's Aqeeqah and one sheep for a girl." (Ibn Majah, Hasan)We are required to sacrifice and distribute food to celebrate the birth of our children. This is not un-Islamic - it is Islamic. Even those who reject birthdays do this celebration of birth.
عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ أَمَرَنَا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ أَنْ نَعُقَّ عَنِ الْغُلاَمِ شَاتَيْنِ وَعَنِ الْجَارِيَةِ شَاةً
Great answers start with great insights. Content becomes intriguing when it is voted up or down - ensuring the best answers are always at the top.
Questions are answered by people with a deep interest in the subject. People from around the world review questions, post answers and add comments.
Be part of and influence the most important global discussion that is defining our generation and generations to come