in category Usul al-Fiqh (Principles of Fiqh)

What are the foundational sources of Islamic beliefs and practices?

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The primary sources of Islam are the Qur'an, the divinely revealed word of God and the Sunna, which refers to additional revelation given to the Prophet Muhammed embedded in his sayings and practice

Much of what is known about the Sunna is from the collection of sayings or reports known as hadith, or prophetic tradition. The hadith describe actions of the Prophet Muhammed or actions that his companions attributed to his teachings. Hadith also elaborate and provide context to the Qur'an.

In addition to these primary sources, Muslims have also traditionally relied scholarly consensus and analogical reasoning, extending rules to new situations that are analogous. For Shi'a Muslims, the rulings of the twelve imams are also considered sources.

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