كلُّ مَا يُتَحَدَّثُ بِهِ مِنْ كَلاَمٍ وَخَبَرٍHadith technically means everything narrated concerning the life of the Prophet (saw) before or after the initiation of revelation. This includes his sayings, acts, approvals, attributes and other reports. It also includes what the companions narrated about the Prophet (al-Marfu') and their successors (al-Maqtu'):
"Every spoken matter whether it is general talking or a report."
مَا أُضِيفَ إِلَى النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَوْلَا أَوْ فِعْلًا أَوْ تَقْريرًا.
"What has been attributed to the Prophet (saw) of a statement, an act or an approval." (Ibn Kathir, al-Ba'ith al-Hathith, Vol. 1, p. 45, al-Ibari, Nayl al-Amani, p. 27)
إِنَّمَا نَزَلَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ الْمُحَصَّبَ لِيَكُونَ أَسْمَحَ لِخُرُوجِهِ وَلَيْسَ بِسُنَّةٍ فَمَنْ شَاءَ نَزَلَهُ وَمَنْ شَاءَ لَمْ يَنْزِلْهُ .So the act was transmitted in hadith but it is not a part of the final Sunnah of the Prophet (saw) because it was contextually conditioned. For that reason, many scholars of hadith, such as Tirmidhi, included certain hadiths and then referred to what is the Sunnah of its understanding or ruling.
"The Messenger of Allah (saw) alighted at al-Muhassab so that it might be easier for him to proceed (to Medina). It is not a Sunnah. Anyone who desires may alight there, and anyone who does not want may not alight." (Sunan Abi Dawud 2008)
السُّنَةُ الْمُتَقَدِّمَةُ مِنْ سُنَّةِ أَهْلِ الْمَدِينَةِ خَيْرٌ مِنَ الْحَديثِIn light of the previous discussion, we could grasp the intended meaning of a statement like:
"The Sunnah of people of Medina is better than the hadith. (according to the Maliki Madhab)" (al-Juhari Musnad al-Muwatta', Vol. 1, p. 11)
سُفْيانُ الثَّوْرَِيُ إمَامٌ فِي السُّنَّةِ إمَامٌ فِي الْحَديثِ . وَشُعْبَةُ بْنُ الْحَجَّاجِ إمَامٌ فِي الْحَديثِ وَلَيْسَ بِإمَامٍ فِي السُّّّنَّةِ .
"Sufyan Thawri is a leading scholar in Sunnah and in Hadith, but Shu'bah ibn al-Hajaj is a leading scholar in hadith, not in Sunnah." (Mahdi, al-Jarh wa at-Ta'deel, Vol. 2, p. 19)
Great answers start with great insights. Content becomes intriguing when it is voted up or down - ensuring the best answers are always at the top.
Questions are answered by people with a deep interest in the subject. People from around the world review questions, post answers and add comments.
Be part of and influence the most important global discussion that is defining our generation and generations to come