It is generally accepted that non-Muslim women are not required to wear hijab in Islamic countries - the obligation of hijab is one typically for Muslim women.
However, it is important to note that cultural norms and expectations vary from place to place, and it is always advisable for travelers to respect the customs and traditions of the places they visit. In some Islamic countries, it may be considered more respectful for non-Muslim women to dress modestly and cover their head in certain settings, such as when visiting mosques or other religious sites. It is always a good idea to research and familiarize oneself with local customs and cultural norms before traveling to a new place.
Here are a few examples of Qur'anic verses and hadith that speak to the importance of modesty and covering for both men and women:
"Say to the believing men that they should lower their gaze and guard their modesty: that will make for greater purity for them: And Allah is well acquainted with all that they do." (Qur'an 24:30)
"And tell the believing women to lower their gaze and be modest, and to display of their adornment only that which is apparent, and to draw their veils over their bosoms, and not to reveal their adornment save to their own husbands or fathers or husbands' fathers, or their sons or their husbands' sons, or their brothers or their brothers' sons or sisters' sons, or their women, or their slaves, or male attendants who lack vigour, or children who know naught of women's nakedness." (Qur'an 24:31)
"The best of your women are those who are the most concealed, so do not be lenient with them in matters of hijab." (Sunan ibn Majah, Book 32, Hadith 4057)
"O women, you should wear your outer garments, for that is more proper, so that you will be recognized and not annoyed." (Sahih Bukhari, Book 62, Hadith 186)
These verses and hadith suggest that modesty and covering are important values in Islam, and that hijab is a matter of proper behavior and respect for Muslim women. However, it is important to note that these teachings are primarily addressed to Muslim men and women, and they do not necessarily apply to non-Muslims. Non-Muslim women are not required to follow the same dress code as Muslim women, and it is generally accepted that the decision to wear hijab is a personal and religious one that is reserved for Muslim women.
Ultimately, the decision to wear hijab as a non-Muslim woman in an Islamic country is a personal one that should be based on an individual's own beliefs, values, and comfort level. It is important to remember that the hijab is a deeply personal and meaningful symbol for many Muslim women, and it is not appropriate for non-Muslim women to wear it as a fashion statement or as a means of cultural appropriation.
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