in category Abbasids

Did Imam Ghazali ever rally people to ever take up arms against rulers of his time?

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Yes, he did. He praised Yusuf bin Tashfin as the 'defender of the deen' who 'ordered the Jihad and cutting off the aspirations of the depraved', concluding, 'Allah, rewarded him with the eradication of the Christians, retreating from the Muslim lands. And Allah bestows victory and establishment'

Ghazali, in his fatwa to Andalus, commanded Muslims there to fight the rebel Taifa states who refused to submit to the Abbasid Caliph and his deputy Yusuf bin Tashfin, arguing 'one of the greatest forms of worship is to fight them', until they return to obedience to the Caliph. He did not give the same reprieve to the Spanish Crusader kingdoms as the rebels.

This is not the only occasion where Ghazali issues rulings on taking up arms.

In his book 'Al Mustazhiri', Ghazali prescribes war against the followers of the Fatimids, a breakaway region in Egypt that had declared itself as an Imamate competing against the Abbasids.

Ghazali believed in the Abbasid Caliphate enough to advocate for the defence of its territorial integrity and declare anyone who rejected or resisted it as rebels to be fought.

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