وَلَا تَقْتُلُوا النَّفْسَ الَّتِي حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ إِلَّا بِالْحَقِّProtecting the life of Muslims (and innocent people as a whole) is one of the fundamental purposes of shari'ah (maqasid al-Shari'ah) and it comes immediately after the value of protecting the deen in the five major aims of the deen (al-Kuliyat al-Khams).
"And do not kill the soul which Allah has forbidden, except by right." (Qur'an 17:33)
الْكُلِّيَّاتِ الْخَمْسِ وَهِيَ حِفْظُ النَّفْسِ وَالدِّينِ ... فَشُرِعَ الْقِصَاصُ حِفْظًا لِلنَّفْسِHe also added the protection of life comes after the protection of deen:
"Kuliyat al-Khams are the protection of soul, deen, … so Qasas (legal retribution) was legislated for the protection of soul." (al-Bujayrami, al-Tajreed, Vol. 4, p. 209)
وَيَلِيهَا الْقَتْلُ ظُلْمًاIt was also narrated the Prophet (saw) when he was asked about the greatest sins, he said the disbelief in Allah and the killing of the innocent soul:
"And comes after it (in priority) the unjust murder." (Ibid, Vol. 4, p. 237)
ذَكَرَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم الْكَبَائِرَ، أَوْ سُئِلَ عَنِ الْكَبَائِرِ فَقَالَ " الشِّرْكُ بِاللَّهِ، وَقَتْلُ النَّفْسِ ...As Allah says killing one life (even the non-Muslim innocent life) is like killing all humanity:
"Allah's Messenger (saw) mentioned the greatest sins or he was asked about the greatest sins.
He said, "To join partners in worship with Allah; to kill a soul which Allah has forbidden to kill. …." (Bukhari 5977, Muslim 160)
أَنَّهُ مَن قَتَلَ نَفْسًا بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ أَوْ فَسَادٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَتَلَ النَّاسَ جَمِيعًا وَمَنْ أَحْيَاهَا فَكَأَنَّمَا أَحْيَا النَّاسَ جَمِيعًاSo the meaning is true apart from the ahadith prioritizing Muslim's life over the ka'bah.
"Whoever kills a soul unless for a soul or for corruption (done) in the land - it is as if he had slain mankind entirely. And whoever saves one - it is as if he had saved mankind entirely." (Qur'an 5:32)
ْفَإَنَّ حُرْمَةِ البيتِ إنَّما هيّ للمُؤمِنِينَ مِنْ حَيْثُ كَوْنِهَا مُتَعَبَدًا لَهُمThe same meaning was also stated by the eleventh-century Hanafi jurist al-Sanadi. (al-Sanadi, Kifayat al-Hajah, Vol. 2, p. 460)
"The sanctity of ka'bah is for Muslims for being their worshipping place." (Buwayti, Murshid Dhawi al-Haja, Vol. 23, p. 278)
الْمُؤمِنْ أَفْضَلُ مِنَ الْكَعْبَةEven the Shiites accept the hadith and its meaning, for example, the ninth-century Zaydi Shiite scholar ibn al-Wazir commented on the hadith and said:
"The believer is better than the Ka'bah." (Abd al-Raheem al-Iraqi, al-Mughni An Haml al-Asfar 1496)
وحُرْمَةِ المُسْلِمِ أعْظَمُ من حُرْمَةِ الكَعْبَةِ بِنَصِِّ النَبِي صلى الله عليه وسلم
"The sanctity of the Muslim is greater than the sanctity of the ka'bah proven by the statement of the Prophet (saw)." (Ibn al-Wazir, al-Awasim wa al-Qawasim, Vol. 8, p. 79)
Great answers start with great insights. Content becomes intriguing when it is voted up or down - ensuring the best answers are always at the top.
Questions are answered by people with a deep interest in the subject. People from around the world review questions, post answers and add comments.
Be part of and influence the most important global discussion that is defining our generation and generations to come