إِنَّ الَّذِي فَرَضَ عَلَيْكَ الْقُرْآنَ لَرَادُّكَ إِلَى مَعَادٍThis ma'aad is understood by classical scholars as either the Day of Judgement (paradise) and/or the return to Mecca. Most companions and later scholars argued it refers to the latter as Arabs use this word to refer to returning home after a long absence. (Wahidi, al-Waseet, Vol. 3, p. 411, Ibn Ashur, al-Tahreer wa al-Tanweer, Vol. 20, pp. 192-193)
"Indeed, (O Muhammad), He who imposed upon you the Qur'an will take you back to a place of return (Ma'aad)." (Qur'an 28:85)
For example, Ibn Abbas (ra) and his student Mujahid reported the verse means the return:
مُعَادُ الرَّجُلِ بَلَدَهُ، لِأَنَّه يَتَصَرَّفُ فِي الْبِلاد، وَيَنْصَرِفُ فِي الْأرْضِ ثُمَّ يَعُودُ إِلَى بَلَدِهِ"The ma'aad of the man is his country because he was moving through the lands then return (ya'ud from ma'aad) to his country." (Samarqandi, Bahr al-Ulum, Vol. 2, p. 622)
إِلَى مَكَّةٍ، وَهُوَ الْمَوْضِعُ الَّذِي خَرَجَ مِنْهEven some scholars, such as Wahidi, Baghawi and others, argued it was revealed on the route during the migration at al-Juhfah, a place between Mecca and Medina, having becoming distressed after leaving Mecca. (Al-Waseet, Vol. 3, p. 411, Baghawi, Vol. 3, p. 548)
"To Mecca which is the place he exited." (Ibid, Makki Ibn Abi Talib, al-Hidayah, Vol. 8, p. 5586)
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