Attahiyyaat is a very important 'dua' we repeat it in our daily prayers.
Attahiyyaat is actually a part of a conversation between Allah (swt) and the Prophet (saw) during his journey of al-Isra W'al-Miraj.
When Prophet Muhammad (saw) met Allah (swt), he didn't say 'Assalam Alaikum'.
What is someone going to say when he meets Allah (swt)?
We can't wish HIM peace because ALL sources of peace are through HIM.
So the Prophet (saw) said:
"Attahiyyaatu Lillahi Was Salawatu Wattayyibatu"
All compliments, all prayer, and worship are for Allah.
Allah (swt) replied:
"Assalamu Alaika Ayyuhannabiyyu 'Warahmatullahi Wabarka'tuhu"
Peace be upon you, Oh Prophet, and Allah's Mercy and Blessings.
To this the Prophet (saw) replied:
"Assalamu Alaina Wa'ala'Ibadillahis Saa'liheen"
Peace be on us and on all good slaves of Allah.
The Prophet (saw) included "us" in his reply...
and on all good slaves of Allah
And listening to this conversation between Allah (swt) and the Messenger (saw), the Angels said:
"Ash'had'u'un La ilahaillallahu Wa Ash'hadu Anna Muhammadun Abd'uhu Wa Rasooluh"
I bear witness that no one is worthy of worship except Allah and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.
We now know the background of this conversation and its importance in our daily prayers and how the salah was prescribed to us.
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