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in category Other Culture

Did Islamic civilisation have an influence on Western science and technology?

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Is it true that the Islamic civilisation has had an influence on western science and technology?

Here are 20 examples that show the Islamic civilization has had a major influence on Western science and technology.

1. The concept of the number zero, originated in India, but was developed by Islamic mathematicians, becoming an important milestone in the development of modern mathematics.
2. Muslim scholars developed advanced algebraic concepts, which were later adopted by European mathematicians - without acknowledging their contribution.
3. The study of optics in the Islamic civilisation led to the development of precise optical instruments, such as the camera obscura and the telescope.
4. Islamic scholars made significant contributions to the field of medicine, including the discovery of new drugs and treatments, and the development of medical instruments such as the syringe.
5. Islamic astronomers made important discoveries about the solar system, including facts such as the Earth orbiting the Sun.
6. Muslim engineers were responsible for the development of advanced civil engineering technologies, including the use of arches and domes in architecture.
7. The Islamic world was a hub of trade and commerce, and Muslim merchants introduced new technologies such as sophisticated navigation instruments to the West facilitating in turn the journeys of discovery.
8. Muslim scholars made important contributions to the study of geography and cartography, leading to the creation of new and detailed maps and navigation techniques.
9. The Islamic world was a center of learning and scholarship, and Islamic scholars preserved and translated many classical Greek texts, making them available to European scholars for the first time.
10. Islamic art and architecture, with their emphasis on geometric patterns and intricate designs, have had a lasting influence on Western art and design.

11. Islamic scholars developed a sophisticated system of chemistry, including the classification of chemical substances and the development of the concept of the elements.
12. The Islamic world was a leader in the production of paper, and the technology for making paper was introduced to Europe from the Islamic world.
13. The study of astronomy in the Islamic world led to the development of advanced astronomical instruments, such as the astrolabe, which was used for navigation and timekeeping.
14. Islamic scholars made important contributions to the study of physics, including the development of the concept of conservation of momentum.
15. The Islamic world was a center of learning and scholarship, and many important scientific and mathematical texts were translated into Arabic, making them available to scholars in the West.
16. Islamic architects were responsible for the development of many advanced building techniques, such as the use of domes and arches in construction.
17. The Islamic world was a leader in the production of textiles, and many important textile production techniques, such as the use of the loom, were introduced to Europe from the Islamic world.
18. The Islamic world was a center of trade and commerce, and Islamic merchants and traders introduced many new products and technologies to the West, including new types of fabrics and dyes.
19. The study of medicine in the Islamic world led to the development of advanced medical techniques and treatments, such as the use of surgery and anesthesia.
20. Islamic scholars made important contributions to the study of biology, including the classification of plants and animals and the development of theories about the circulation of the blood.

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