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Why didn't the Muslims conquer all of India?

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A student. Took Islamiat and History as subjects, and greatly interested in Islamic and Indo-Pak history.
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Muslims conquered and ruled over most of the Indian subcontinent for roughly 300 years. The most influential Muslim leaders in the history of Indo-Pak subcontinent were the Mughals; starting from Zahir ud din Babur and ending at his late successor, Aurangzeb Alamgir.

The Mughal Empire was although very strong and was comprehensively administered yet ruling over entire India was not possible at that time. This was due to:

  • The weak and slow transport system.
  • Poor administration by extravagant ministers and nobles.
  • Mughal Empire was surrounded by rebellious princely states which could easily re-capture the Mughal territories due to the vastness of the Empire. These included the Marathas, the Pushtoons, and several local leaders.
  • The Mughal Rulers were most of the time busy spending time in a luxurious and extravagant lifestyle and other times dealing with rebellions that would occasionally break out, compromising the integrity of the Mughal Empire. As a result, Mughal rulers could not impose a well-articulated administration, which was also a significant cause of their downfall.

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