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in category Beliefs

Did the universe come from nothing?

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In a Nutshell:
The Universe did not come from nothing, given the visible existence of the Universe and the implausibility of the emergence of something out of nothing with no causal condition, which suggests the Universe had a Transcendent Cause to bring it about, whether from nothing or something.
Given the perfection and complexity of the Universe, this Cause must have ability, power and wisdom to put everything in its right place.
This Cause is called in theistic religions: God or Allah.

What is Nothing?
Nothing is, in our general speaking, defined as the absence of all things. To illustrate this better, imagine if everything, all matter, energy and potential, were to vanish; that state would be described as nothing. Nothing also refers to the absence of any causal condition. A causal condition is any cause that produces an effect. This cause can be material or non-material.

Asserting that things can come from nothing means that things can come into being from no potential, no matter or nothing at all. To assert such a thing defies our intuitions and stands against reason.

Nothing in physics is quite different. Physics describes only the measured matters so it could not tell us anything about unmeasured or even unexistent matters. Physics tell us about the singularity from which the Universe emerged, the singularity is an entity fulls with matters and energy before which the mere nothing existed but physics has no access to its how.
Bill Bryson says:

It seems impossible that you could get something from nothing, but the fact that once there was nothing and now there is a universe is evident proof that you can. (Bill Bryson.)

David Christian; William H. McNeill said:

At the very beginning, all explanations face the same problem: how can something come out of nothing? The problem is general, for beginnings are inexplicable.

How Did The Universe Come to Existence?

The obvious answer is no because, from nothing, nothing comes. Nothingness cannot produce anything. Something cannot arise from no causal conditions whatsoever. Another way of looking at it is by way of simple math. What is 0 + 0 + 0? It is not 3, it's 0.

For something to arise from nothing, it must have at least some type of potential or causal conditions. Since nothing is the absence of all things, including any type of causal condition, then something could not arise from nothing. Maintaining that something can arise from nothing is logically equivalent to the notion that things can vanish, decay, annihilate or disappear without any causal conditions whatsoever.

Individuals who argue that something can come from nothing must also maintain that something can vanish from no causal conditions at all. For example, if a building completely vanished, such individuals should not be surprised by the event because if things can come from no causal conditions at all, then it logically implies that things can vanish by means of no causal conditions as well. However, to argue that things can just vanish without reference to any causal condition would be rationally absurd.

Giving the existence of the Universe and the implausibility of the emergence out of nothing with no causal condition, thus the Universe must have had a Transcendent Cause to bring it from nothing into something. Giving the perfection and the complexity of the Universe, thus this Cause must have the ability, the power and the wisdom to put everything in its right place. This Cause is called in the Theistic religion: God or Allah.

Charles Townes, who won the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1964 for his discovery of the maser, writes:

'In my view, the question of origin seems to be left unanswered if we explore it from a scientific point of view. Thus, I believe there is a need for some religious or metaphysical explanation. I believe in the concept of God and in his existence.' (Making Waves, American Physical Society, 1995.)

Conclusion

The Universe came from nothing, giving the existence of the Universe and the implausibility of the emergence out of nothing with no causal condition, thus the Universe must have had a Transcendent Cause to bring it from nothing into something. Giving the perfection and the complexity of the Universe, thus this Cause must have the ability, the power and the wisdom to put everything in its right place. This Cause is called in the Theistic religion: God or Allah.

References

Tzortzis, The Divine Reality
Bill Bryson, A Short History of Nearly Everything: Special Illustrated Edition (Kindle Locations 288-289). Crown Publishing Group. Kindle Edition.
David Christian; William H. McNeill, Maps of Time: An Introduction to Big History (Kindle Locations 721-722). University of California Press. Kindle Edition.
Making Waves, American Physical Society, 1995.


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