Saudi writers often claim Muhammed bin Saud and Muhammed ibn Abdul-Wahhab did not rebel against the Uthmani Caliphate because Najd was not under Ottoman rule. To justify this claim, they quote from an Uthmani constitutional document called قوانين آل عثمان مضامين دفتر الديوان, which lists the regions under Uthmani control whereby Najd is not cited.
A number of points need to be clarified.- The area of Najd is around 150km East of the area of Al-Ihsaa. Al-Ihsaa, which includes Al-Riyadh, is listed in the regions under Uthmani control in the constitutional document mentioned in the attached image.
In 1818, the Uthmani Khilafah crushed the Saudi rebellion against the Khilafah, arrested their leaders and executed them in Istanbul for their treachery and Khurooj against the Khilafah. The Khilafah then exiled the rest of their treacherous tribe to Kuwait and they remained there until 1902.
In 1902 they emerged from exile and attacked the caliphate while it was struggling against the British and French; they took Al-Riyadh, which became their capital, and some of the surrounding area in the process. They assisted the British fight the Ottomans taking most of the Arabian Peninsula and assisting in the destruction of the caliphate, earning British approval and permission to create their new state in 1932.
Great answers start with great insights. Content becomes intriguing when it is voted up or down - ensuring the best answers are always at the top.
Questions are answered by people with a deep interest in the subject. People from around the world review questions, post answers and add comments.
Be part of and influence the most important global discussion that is defining our generation and generations to come