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in category Ottomans

Was Najd in Saudi Arabia under Ottoman rule?

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Some claim Muhammed bin Saud and Muhammed ibn Abdul Wahhab did not rebel against the Uthmani Khilafah because Najd wasn't under Ottoman rule.
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Saudi writers often claim Muhammed bin Saud and Muhammed ibn Abdul-Wahhab did not rebel against the Uthmani Caliphate because Najd was not under Ottoman rule. To justify this claim, they quote from an Uthmani constitutional document called قوانين آل عثمان مضامين دفتر الديوان, which lists the regions under Uthmani control whereby Najd is not cited.

A number of points need to be clarified.

- The area of Najd is around 150km East of the area of Al-Ihsaa. Al-Ihsaa, which includes Al-Riyadh, is listed in the regions under Uthmani control in the constitutional document mentioned in the attached image.
- Even if one claimed Najd was not included as a part of Al-Ihsaa, it is undisputed Dir'iyyah was attacked and invaded by Ibn Saud and Ibn Abdul-Wahhab between 1747 and 1757. Dir'iyyah is a part of Al-Ihsaa, on its West side. It is possible to see both on Google maps. Najd comes up with the wrong location on Google Maps; the correct location is the curved open desert area east of Al-Riyadh that runs through Khurais.
- It is unpersuasive Uthmani Caliphate didn't control a small part of open desert in the middle of the Arabian Peninsula for over 600 years, but ruled over everything else around it.
- Saudi Arabia was established following an outright rebellion in alliance with the British before, during and after WW1. Anyone who doubts this is either unaware of the facts, or intentionally ignoring the obvious:

In 1818, the Uthmani Khilafah crushed the Saudi rebellion against the Khilafah, arrested their leaders and executed them in Istanbul for their treachery and Khurooj against the Khilafah. The Khilafah then exiled the rest of their treacherous tribe to Kuwait and they remained there until 1902.

In 1902 they emerged from exile and attacked the caliphate while it was struggling against the British and French; they took Al-Riyadh, which became their capital, and some of the surrounding area in the process. They assisted the British fight the Ottomans taking most of the Arabian Peninsula and assisting in the destruction of the caliphate, earning British approval and permission to create their new state in 1932.


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