A brother once asked me for my opinion on the differences between the Islamic groups Ikhwan al-Muslimoon and Hizb ut-Tahrir. The two groups in my opinion are like chalk and cheese in their fundamental aims and methods: 1. AIM In aim, Ikhwan do not challenge the structures of contemporary nation states imposed by colonialism (Vali Nasr's chapter in the Oxford history of Islam details how every organ, institution and structure of modern Muslim nation states was set by external colonial powers). Instead they accepted them and tried to re-engineer Islam to fit within their tight constraints. Hence their aim is that of an Islamic state, ie a partially Islamised secular nation state, and not the Caliphate. This is the fundamental difference. Hizb ut-Tahrir, akin to every classical scholar, confirmed in a detailed investigation by a consensus of leading scholars of the Ottoman Caliphate in 1925 (https://www.islamiqate.com/3435/ottoman-scholars-respond-raziqs-claims-caliphate-khilafah),
that the ruling system in Islam is the caliphate, and to dispute this is blasphemy and not possible as an ijtihad due to overwhelming evidences to the contrary! This means the structures, institutions and organs of state have to be challenged and re-engineered before new policy formulation can begin. It is why groups adopting Ikhwan's aims tend to be coy in articulating them when asked - focusing on activities, keeping busy, rather than explaining where these activities will lead. 2. METHOD The second significant difference is methodological - Ikhwan has no fixed methodology, the ideology of pragmatism used to adopt varying approaches. It has been applied in different territories over the decades, visible in electioneering, joining autocratic regimes through to armed uprisings to everything in between. All failed over time creating unintended consequences including loss of life, increased oppression, social disruption and furthering of their enemies agendas. Hizb ut-Tahrir adopts the fundamental approach the messengers have always taken to reorient the nations they were sent to. This is detailed in full with the Prophet's (saw) activism in Mecca that lead to the Islamic state of Medina during his lifetime (https://www.islamiqate.com/3114/how-did-the-prophet-saw-call-people-to-islam-in-mecca
). Hizb ut-Tahrir adopt the seera as a starting point and then make necessary adaptations after taking into account any significant differences in his reality and ours, whether it be external dependencies on foreign powers and structures, autocratic secular nationalist elites, colonial demilitarisation of mass society and concentration of force in the military.