in category Seerah

Which companion of the prophet narrated the least number of hadith?

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Islamic researcher, graduated from Al-Azhar University, Islamic Studies in the English language. I also studied at Temple University in the US.
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In a Nutshell:
There are eight companions who narrated only one hadith - the lowest number of hadiths. They comprise: Abay ibn 'Imarah al-Madani, Abi al-Lahm al-Ghifar, Ahmar ibn Jaz' al-Basri, Adraa' as-Sulami, Basheer (or Bishr) ibn Jihash al-Qurash, Hadr ibn Abi Hadr as-Sulam, Rabi'ah ibn 'Amir ibn al-Hadi al-Azdi and Abu Hatim al-Muzani.

Ibn al-Athir narrated in his book 'Asadu-al-Ghabah' there are about 1800 companions narrated ahadith of the Prophet (saw), but the number of the companions doubles the number of the narrator companions.

Out of these companions, there are a number of companions who narrated only one hadith of the Prophet (saw). Imam Suyuti mentioned their names in his book 'Tadreeb ar-Rawi.'

Those companions are:

  • Abay ibn 'Imarah al-Madani (أُبَيُّ بْنُ عِمَارَةَ الْمَدَنِيُّ) narrated a narration in Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah regarding wiping over shoes;
  • Abi al-Lahm al-Ghifari (آبِي اللَّحْمِ الْغِفَارِيُّ) narrated a hadith regarding the prayer of Istisqa' in Tirmidhi and Nasa'i;
  • Ahmar ibn Jaz' al-Basri (أَحْمَرُ بْنُ جَزْءٍ الْبَصْرِيُّ) narrated a hadith regarding the prostration in prayer in Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah;
  • Adraa' as-Sulami (أَدْرَعُ السُّلَمِيُّ) narrated a hadith regarding the recitation of a companion in front of the Prophet (saw) in Ibn Majah;
  • Basheer (or Bishr) ibn Jihash al-Qurashi (بَشِيرُ بْنُ جِحَاشٍ الْقُرَشِيُّ) narrated a Ququsi hadith in Ahmed and Ibn Majah;
  • Hadr ibn Abi Hadr as-Sulami (حَدْرَدُ بْنُ أَبِي حَدْرَدٍ السُّلَمِيُّ) narrated the prophet condemned the abandonment among Muslims in Abu Dawud;
  • Rabi'ah ibn 'Amir ibn al-Hadi al-Azdi (رَبِيعَةُ بْنُ عَامِرِ بْنِ الْهَادِ الْأَزْدِيُّ) narrated the Prophet (saw) said 'Be constant with: "O Possessor of Majesty and Honor (Yā Dhal-Jalāli wal-Ikrām)' in Nasa'i; and
  • Abu Hatim al-Muzani (أَبِي حَاتِمٍ الْمُزَنِيِّ) narrated a hadith regarding marriage proposals: "When someone whose religion and character you are pleased with comes to you, then marry (her off to) him" in Tirmidhi.

(Suyuti, Tadreeb ar-Rawi, Vol. 2, pp. 396-398)

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