Linguistically tawheed means "unification" (making something one) or "asserting oneness" in Arabic, originating from the verb (wahhada) meaning to unite, unify or consolidate.
When the term tawheed is used in Islam, it means Allah's unity. The Qur’anic expression “nothing like unto Him” (Q. 92:11) clearly evidences God’s Oneness and His Uniqueness.
The evidences supporting this include:
Had there been in the heavens and the earth any deities other than God, both (of those realms) would certainly have fallen into ruin. All-Glorified God is, the Lord of the Supreme Throne, in that He is absolutely above all that they attribute to Him. (Qur’an 21:22)
Say: “If there were, as they assert, deities apart from Him, surely they would seek a way to the Master of the Supreme Throne (the dominion of the creation).” (Qur’an 23:91)
There is no deity along with Him; otherwise each deity would surely have sought absolute independence with his creatures under his authority, and they would surely have tried to overpower one another. (Qur’an 17:42)
Associating others with God is known as shirk and is the antithesis of tawhid. It is often, but not always, in the form of idolatry and supplicating to others than Allah, or believing that they hold the same attributes as him to various degrees.
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