The idea of Satan sending Jibreel to Muhammed(saw) in the cave of Hira is ludicrous from a common sense point of view.
Nevertheless, I will outline some arguments to explain why.
Firstly, if we assume that it was Satan who sent Jibreel to Muhammed(saw) the first time at the cave, bringing revelation, then we must assume he continued the charade throughout the 23 year period of revelation otherwise the argument would not hold as the entire revelation (Quran) is from the same source.
One of the reasons it cannot be Satan, who sent Jibreel, is because on his first meeting Jibreel commands Muhammad(saw) to recite the following Quranic verse:
"Read in the name of your Lord who created - created man from a clot. Read: for your Lord is Most generous, who teaches by the pen, teaches man that which he knew not."
اقْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ خَلَقَ الْإِنْسَانَ مِنْ عَلَقٍ اقْرَأْ وَرَبُّكَ الْأَكْرَمُ الَّذِي عَلَّمَ بِالْقَلَمِ عَلَّمَ الْإِنْسَانَ مَا لَمْ يَعْلَمْ
Why would Satan send Jibreel to tell Muhammed (saw) to believe in Allah - a God who created mankind - when his sole purpose is to drag mankind with him to Hell by encouraging and coaxing them to rebel against Allah and disbelieve in his existence?
In fact, the entire Quran in countless verses encourages man to come to the belief in the existence of one God which is contrary to Satan's aims.
Furthermore, revelation criticises Satan:
"I seek Allah's protection/refuge from Satan, the Accursed one."
أعوذُ بِٱللَّهِ مِنَ ٱلشَّيۡطَٰنِ ٱلرَّجِيمِ
Who would tell someone to seek refuge with Allah(swt) from themselves? And why would Satan refer to himself as the "accursed"? There are countless verses in the Quran warning mankind about Satan about how he is an avowed enemy of man. It is not rational to conclude that Satan warns man against himself.
Claims of Authorship
In addition to this, it is usual for an author to claim recognition for his work. Satan himself does not claim he wrote the Quran whilst Allah claims to be the author. ." And if ye are in doubt concerning that which We reveal unto Our slave (Muhammad), then produce a surah of the like thereof, and call your witnesses beside Allah if ye are truthful" (2:23). He (swt) speaks using the pronoun "We" to refer to himself and the third person pronoun "Allah" in the same sentence to leave no doubt as to who is speaking.
Allah challenges man and jinn (Satan's race) to write something similar to the Quran:
"If mankind and the jinns were together to produce the like of this Quran, they could not produce the like thereof, even if they helped one another" thereby unequivocally stating that not only man but even the jinn cannot produce something similar to it and as Satan is from the jinn that includes him.
And, why would Satan give someone else the credit of writing the Quran (which is a literary miracle - the only one of its kind)? Surely, he would give himself the credit of writing the Quran; he wouldn't give someone else the credit for a great work like the Quran if he was the author nor would he portray himself as the bad guy who gets condemned to hell if he was the one who revealed the Quran. He would portray himself as the good guy.
Therefore Satan did not send Jibreel to Muhammed(saw); it was Jibreel (Gabriel) acting in obedience to Allah's command.
In conclusion, the Quran is not from Satan.
Satan's aim is to take man away from the worship of God; however, the revelation brought by Jibreel calls mankind to the worship of one God which is contradictory to Satan's goals. Therefore Satan didn't send Jibreel.
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