وَأَنذِرْ عَشِيرَتَكَ الْأَقْرَبِينَThe Prophet (saw) asked Ali (ra) to prepare a banquet and invite the leaders of his clan (Banu Abd al-Muttalib). Ali cooked the meal and invited about forty men of the leaders. The men then left before the Prophet could speak with them. He invited them again and after the meal he proclaimed:
"And warn, (O Muhammad), your closest kindred." (Qur'an 26:214)
ِيا بَنِي عَبْدِ المُطَلِبْ، إنِي والله ما أَعْلَمُ شَابًا فِي العَرَبِ جاءَ قَوْمَهُ بأفْضَلَ مِمَا جِئتُكُم به، قَدْ جِئْتُكُم بخيّرِ الدُنيا والآخِرَة، وقَدْ أَمَرَنِي اللهُ تعالى أن أَدْعُوكُم إليهِ، فأيُكُم يؤازِرُنِي على هَذَا الأمرThe Prophet (saw) then asked them for someone who could provide him with the protection for him and his call.
"O Banu Abd al-Muttalib, I, indeed, don't know of any Arab youth who came to his people with a notion better than I came with.
I came to you with the goodness of this world and the Here After. Allah (swt) ordered me to call you to Him.
Who is going to support me regarding this matter? (Tabari, Tarikh at-Tabari, Vol. 2, p. 322, Ibn al-Athir, al-Kamil fi at-Tarikh, Vol. 1, p. 259)
فَأَيُّكُمْ يُبَايِعُنِي عَلَى أَنْ يَكُونَ أَخِي وَصَاحِبِي ؟These narrations (and many other similar narrations) makes more sense as the Prophet (saw) was asking for someone to protect him and his Dawah and to keep his debt and responsibilities (Tabari, Tarikh at-Tabari, Vol. 2, p. 322) in case he was injured whilst when delivering the Message.
"Who of you is going to give me the pledge to be my brother and companion?" (Musnad Ahmed, Tarikh Dimashq and Tahdhib al-Kamal)
صَعِدَ النَّبِيُّ صلى الله عليه وسلم الصَّفَا ذَاتَ يَوْمٍ فَقَالَ " يَا صَبَاحَاهْ " فَاجْتَمَعَتْ إِلَيْهِ قُرَيْشٌ قَالُوا مَا لَكَ قَالَ " أَرَأَيْتُمْ لَوْ أَخْبَرْتُكُمْ أَنَّ الْعَدُوَّ يُصَبِّحُكُمْ أَوْ يُمَسِّيكُمْ أَمَا كُنْتُمْ تُصَدِّقُونِي ". قَالُوا بَلَى. قَالَ " فَإِنِّي نَذِيرٌ لَكُمْ بَيْنَ يَدَىْ عَذَابٍ شَدِيدٍ ".
"One day the Prophet (saw) ascended Safa mountain and said, "Oh Sabah! "
All the Quraysh gathered around him and said, "What is the matter?"
He said, Look, if I told you that an enemy is going to attack you in the morning or in the evening, would you not believe me?"
They said, "Yes, we will believe you."
He said, "I am a warner to you in face of a terrible punishment."" (Bukhari Hadith 4801)
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