in category Kalam (Theology)

What is your opinion on Tahawi's book of creed?

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Tahawi's book of creed, also known as the "Mushkil al-Athar," is a widely respected work on Islamic theology and belief (aqeedah) that was written by the 9th century scholar Imam Abu Ja'far Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Tahawi. The book is a comprehensive treatment of the core beliefs and principles of Islam, and it covers a wide range of topics including the nature of God, the role of the prophets, the principles of Islamic law, and the belief in the day of judgment.

The "Mushkil al-Athar" is widely respected among Muslims for its clarity and concise presentation of the key beliefs of Islam. It is considered to be an important reference work on Islamic theology and is widely studied and cited by scholars and students of Islam.

There are several verses in the Qur'an that relate to the core beliefs and principles outlined in the "Mushkil al-Athar." Some examples include:

  1. "Say, 'He is Allah, [who is] One, Allah, the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, Nor is there to Him any equivalent'" (Qur'an 112:1-4)

  2. "And We have certainly sent into every nation a messenger, [saying], 'Worship Allah and avoid Taghut'" (Qur'an 16:36)

  3. "And [mention] when Abraham said, 'My Lord, show me how You give life to the dead.' [Allah] said, 'Do you not believe?' He said, 'Yes, but [I ask] only that my heart may be satisfied.' [Allah] said, 'Take four birds and commit them to yourself. Then [after slaughtering them] put on each hill a portion of them; then call them - they will come [flying] to you in haste. And know that Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise'" (Qur'an 2:260)

Hadith, which are sayings and actions attributed to the Prophet Muhammad, also provide guidance on the key beliefs and principles outlined in the "Mushkil al-Athar." Some examples include:

  1. "I have left you with two things that if you hold on to them you will never go astray: the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Prophet" (Sahih Bukhari)

  2. "Islam is based on five [pillars]: the testimony that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is His messenger; the performance of the prescribed prayers; the payment of the prescribed alms; the observance of the prescribed fast during the month of Ramadan; and the pilgrimage to the House [of Allah in Mecca]" (Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim)

  3. "The best of deeds is the one that is continuous, even if it is small" (Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim)

In summary, the "Mushkil al-Athar" is a widely respected work on Islamic theology that outlines the core beliefs and principles of Islam. It is considered to be an important reference work for scholars and students of Islam, and its teachings are supported by both the Qur'an and the hadith of the Prophet Muhammad.


  1. Al-Tahawi, A. (n.d.). Mushkil al-Athar. Retrieved from https://www.al-islam.org/mushkil-al-athar-imam-abu-jafar-ahmad-bin-muhammad-al-tahawi

  2. Esposito, J. L. (2003). The Oxford Dictionary of Islam. New York: Oxford University Press.

  3. Khan, M. M. (2004). A Textbook of Hadith Studies. New Delhi: Adam Publishers & Distributors.

  4. Qaradawi, Y. (2007). The Lawful and the Prohibited in Islam. New York: American Trust Publications.

  5. Rahman, F. (1988). Major Themes of the Qur'an. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

  6. Siddiqui, M. (2007). Beliefs and Practices of Islam. New York: Facts on File.

  7. Zaid, S. M. (2003). The Prophet Muhammad: A Brief Introduction. New York: American Trust Publications.

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