Most of the founders of Hizb ut-Tahrir were scholars comprising the following individuals:
Other scholars who were a part of the first circle are:
Below is a brief biography of Sheikh Abdul Aziz Badri (rh), a scholar and member of Hizb ut-Tahrir in Iraq, who was martyred in 1969.
Abdul-Aziz bin Abdul-Lateef al-Badri was born in Baghdad in 1929, originally from Saamaraa, studied under some scholars of Baghdad like Amjad az-Zahaawi, Muhammad al-Qazlaji and Shaykh Abdul-Qaadir al-Khateeb and others. He finished his studies and became Imam in the Soor Masjid in 1949 and the Khafafeen mosque in 1950 and then to different Masjids in Baghdad.
He was famous for being one of the prominent shabab of Hizb ut-Tahrir in Iraq, and regularly criticised the Iraqi leader, Abdul-Kareem Qaasim (Communist leader) in his speeches when Qaasim ordered some in the army to be executed, such as Naazim at-Tabqajli, Al-Badri led demonstrations against Abdul-Kareem Qaasim, in which more then 40,000 people participated. He also declared the supporters of communism and Qasim non-believers in Islam, so the government placed house-arrest on him from 2/12/1959 to 2/12/1960. When that was over, he did not stop and continued so they arrested him and he was incarcerated from 7/8/1961 to 4/12/1961, finally released because of a general pardon for all political prisoners.
He was arrested again in the time of Iraqi president Ahmad Hassan al-Bakr, he was kidnapped at night when he was heading towards his house and took him to a prison where they tortured him and cut parts of his body; it’s said they also cut his tongue. He died in jail year 1969, and after 17 days of his death they dumped his body in front of his house, telling his family he died of a heart attack and ordering them to bury him without revealing his burial; word however got around so his body was taken to the Abu Haneefah Mosque where they could pray for him. Everyone saw the effect of the torture he endured. The Sheikh rahimahullah is buried in Al ‘Adhamiyah.
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