Allah obliges Muslims to ensure wealth is circulated in society, prohibiting it concentrating in the hands of the few... In order that it may not (merely) make a circuit between the wealthy among you. So take what the Messenger assigns to you and deny yourselves that which he withholds from you. 59:7
The main tax the shari'a expects a Muslim to pay is that of zakat 2.5% of assets held for over a year amounting to more than £2k. No income tax, paye, ni, vat, customs, excise, inheritance tax, council tax, business rates, road tax etc
The parents have a right to their children's wealth throughout their lives - in old age the children are obliged to provide care for their parents and grandparents.
The shari'a encourages Muslims to loan money to each other in times of need, prohibiting profiteering from such a situation. If the borrower cannot pay, the lender is encouraged to write the balance off.
The shari'a requires everyone lives a life of dignity and respect, without feeling any need; zakat covers all the potential categories of need: "As-Sadaqaat are for the Fuqaraa' (poor) and Al-Masaakeen (the destitute), those employed to collect the funds who have no means; and to attract the hearts of those who have been inclined (towards Islam); to free captives; for those in debt; for Allaah's Cause and for the wayfarer (a traveller who is cut off from everything); a duty imposed by Allaah. And Allaah is All-Knower, All-Wise" [al-Tawbah 9:60]
Where someone is murdered, the parents are given the choice to ask for the life of the murderer, income or to forgive.
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