A state is a body that looks after people by implementing laws. Islam is a comprehensive deen and therefore tells us what rules people should live by and and what rules are to be implemented in society.
ibn Taymiyah (rha) said "Yajib an yo'rafa anna wilayaa amr in-naasi min a'thami wajibaat id-Deen, Bal laa qiyaamu li-Deen illa bihaa".
"It is obligatory to know that the office in charge of commanding over the people (ie: the Khilafah post) is one of the greatest obligations of the Deen. In fact, their is no establishment of the Deen except by it... this is the opinion of the salaf, such as al-Fadl ibn Iyaad, Ahmed ibn Hanbal and others." (Siyaasah Shariyyah - chapter: 'The obligation of adherence to the leadership'.)
Islam mandates that the whole of Islam is implemented upon people. There is no difference on this issue. A state which rules by shari'a is one which applies the Islamic ruling system, the Islamic economic system, judicial, social and foreign policy. All and every rule based upon Islam.
Abdullah ibn Umar (ra) said "The people in the Ummah will not suffer even if they were oppressors and sinful if the rulers were guided and were guiding. But the people in the Ummah will suffer and perish even if they were guided and were guiding if the rulers were oppressors and sinful."(Abu Nu'aim narrated in 'Hulayat Awliyah.)
A state becomes Islamic when its rules and policies derive from the Islamic 'Aqeeda (creed) i.e. when their basis is the Qur'an and Sunnah; meaning the sovereignty lies with the Shari'a. That is why obedience to the rulers is restricted and not unqualified. Allah (swt) says:
"O you who believe! Obey Allah, Obey His Messenger and those in authority from amongst you; and if you differ, then refer it to Allah and His Messenger, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day. That is the best thing to do and gives the best result." [al-Nisa: 4:59]
This noble verse in Sura al-Nisa comes after verse 58, which focused on the rulers when they were enjoined to rule by justice - which is nothing other than what Allah has revealed (i.e. the Qur'an and the Sunnah). This ayah is explained as follows:
The ayah (verse) begins with the imperative (command) form verb ati'u ('obey'): the subject of obedience (i.e. those who obey) is in plural form, meaning 'ALL those who believe in Islam'; and the object of obedience (i.e. the one who is obeyed) is Allah . The verse then repeats the command ati'u (obey) and this time the object of obedience is the Messenger . The repetition of the word 'obey' and the order indicates the two basic reference points that Muslims have: the Qur'an and Sunnah. Therefore anything in contravention of Qur'an and Sunnah must be disobeyed and anything from the Qur'an and Sunnah must be obeyed. This is the principle upon which Muslims are told to live by and this is the principle on which Muslims are instructed to view their rulers. Here the word for rulers, or those in authority, is ulul- amr (literal translation: 'the people of Command'). It is not restricted to the Khalifah, but also includes the wali's (governors), wazirs (assistants) and all those who have authority, especially since the word has been used in the plural form (ulul-amr and not the singular waliyul-amr).
It is significant that the ayah does not repeat the verb ati'u when it comes to the Rulers, as it did in respect to Allah and His Messenger; this is an additional indication alongside the clear verses and hadith that state that rulers must obey Allah and His Messenger in their ruling and exercise of authority. For example the Messenger said: 'There is no obedience (when this results) in disobedience of the Creator.' [Sahih Bukhari]
Here the mantuq (directly apparent meaning) is an absolute prohibition of following an order that goes against the order of Allah - whosoever makes that order. This hadith came specifically in the context of authority and ruling. Its mafhum (implied meaning) indicates that just as the person cannot obey a ruler who commanded disobedience to Allah; so in the same way, a ruler or amir cannot order, enact laws or rule by anything that is in violation of what Allah has ordered.
The Saudi state from inception
Despite the differences amongst the Kuffar over the division of the Muslims' lands, they were in full agreement of the idea to destroy Islam. They pursued several methods for this purpose. Initially, they aroused the feelings of nationalism and independence in the European countries. They incited people against the Islamic State and they supplied them with weapons and money in order to revolt against it, as was the case in Serbia and Greece. In this way, the European countries tried to stab the Islamic State in the back. France invaded Egypt and occupied it in July 1798, then marched onto Palestine and occupied it. France wanted to occupy the rest of Al-Sham in order to deal the Islamic State the fatal blow, but was however defeated, later being forced to leave Egypt and surrender the lands she had occupied back to the Islamic State.
Saudi does not implement Islam - its foreign policy has been to protect Israel and western interests since its formation after having fought the Ottoman caliphate.
The brokerage and loyalty of Al Sa'ud to the British was a well known matter to the Khilafah state and to the major powers such as Germany, France and Russia. It was also known that they were steered by the British. The British themselves never used to conceal the fact that they supported the Saudis as a state. Furthermore, the huge arsenals and equipment which reached them via India and the finance to cover the war effort and to equip the armed forces were but British weapons and money.
The ruling system is Islam is the khilafah system
Naf'i said 'Abdullah Ibnu 'Umar told me: I heard the Messenger of Allah say: "Whoever takes off his hand from allegiance (Bai'ah) to Allah, he will meet Allah on the Resurrection Day without having any proof to show for himself; and whoever dies while having no allegiance (Bai'ah) on his neck he dies the death of the days of ignorance (Jahiliyya)", narrated by Muslim.
Ibnu 'Abbas reported that the Messenger of Allah said: "If anyone sees in his Ameer something that displeases him let him remain patient, for behold! He who separates himself from the Sultan (authority of Islam) by even so much as a hand span and dies thereupon, he has died the death of Jahiliyya", narrated by Muslim.
Imam Muslim narrated from Abu Hazim who said, "I was with Abu Hurayra for five years and I heard him narrate from the Prophet (saw) that he said: "The Prophets used to rule Bani Israel. Whenever a prophet died another prophet succeeded him, but there will be no prophets after me; instead there will be Khulafaa' (Khalifahs) and they will number many". They asked: what then do you order us? He said: "fulfil allegiance to them one after the other. Give them their dues. Verily Allah will ask them about what he entrusted them with.""
These Ahadith demonstrate two important matters:
- firstly the Khalifah only takes the authority by this Bai'ah,
- secondly the messenger of Allah has commanded his obedience: "Whoever pledged allegiance to an Imam ... shall obey him."
So, the Khalifah is appointed through the bai'ah and his obedience becomes compulsory because he is a pledged as a Khalifah. Thus he took the authority from the Ummah by giving her bai'ah and her obedience to the one whom she pledged to i.e. to the one who has a bai'ah on her neck.
Does Saudi rule by Shari'a?
Saudi has riba based banking system, a compliant western foreign policy, protects Israel. Accepts nation-states, ignores Jihad and doesn't stand up to anything in the name of Islam.It allies with the Kuffar against the Muslims eg Iraq, Syria and other conflicts.
We can summarise these as:
Permission of usury (riba) and banks trading in usury, which is category prohibited in Islam
Submission to man-made international law as members of the UN and other international bodies, whose charters and rules are not in accordance with Islam.
The flagrant and persistent violation of Shari'a by the Saudi regime, even after having been accounted by the 'ulama and the da'wah carriers means that the above constitute explicit kufr (kufr buwah).
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