This question is increasingly being asked as Muslims seek work with corporates like Ubereats delivering goods for various food restaurants and takeaways.
The Muslim jurists have historically differed on the matter of delivering or transporting forbidden (haram) products to non-Muslims. Most forbid it whilst some permit it.
The jurists from the Shafi'i, Maliki and Hanbali schools of thought forbid the transport of haram goods, whether it be to Muslims or non-Muslims, as participating in forbidden activities is categorically prohibited in the following texts:
"And assist one another in matters of righteousness and piety, and do not assist one another in sin and aggression." (Qur'an 5:2)
"God has cursed wine, its consumer, its server, its seller, its buyer, its presser, the one for whom it is pressed, the one who delivers it and the one to whom it is delivered." (Abu Dawud)
A man gave the Messenger of Allah (saw) a small skin full of wine, and the Messenger of Allah (saw) said to him: "Do you know that Allah (swt) has forbidden it?" He said, No, then he whispered to another man. The Messenger of Allah (saw) said: "What are you whispering about?" He said: I told him to sell it. He said: "The One Who has forbidden drinking it has also forbidden selling it." (Muslim 1579)
Ibn Taymiyyah (ra) exemplifies this stance with his observation:
"If someone helps a man to disobey Allah, then he is sinning, because he is helping in sin and transgression. Hence the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) cursed alcohol, the one who presses (the grapes etc), the one for whom they are pressed, the one who carries it, the one to whom it is carried, the one who sells it, the one who buys it, the one who pours it, the one who drinks it, and the one consumes its price. Most of those mentioned, such as the one who presses it, the one who carries it and the one who pours it, are helping the drinker to drink it. Hence it is forbidden to sell weapons to those who will use them to fight in unlawful ways, such as fighting Muslims or fitnah amongst Muslims." (Majmoo al-Fataawa 22/141)
The Hanafi jurists however have permitted the delivery of products to non-Muslims whether it be haram meat, wine or even idols. They argue there is nothing sinful in the act of delivery or transport itself to a non-Muslim. Ibn Abidin (ra) for instance argues:
"It is permissible to deliver wine to a non Muslim, in person [on foot] or with one's conveyance (vehicle) in return for a fee. It must be made clear that even though the delivery is fine, it is prohibited to manufacture the wine as this will constitute in direct involvement with the sin itself. Some Hanafi jurists, such as the Sahibayn are of the view that transporting such products would not be appropriate (disliked) because this may fall in the category of assisting in sin." (Durr Al-Mukhtar)
It is forbidden by most jurists based on a hadith categorically forbidding the transportation of alcohol so is best avoided. Some of the Hanafi jurists have however permitted it.
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