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In a Nutshell: The use of marijuana, also known as cannabis, is a controversial issue in many societies, and it is also a subject of debate within the Islamic faith. Some people argue that marijuana has medicinal and recreational value and should be legalized, while others believe that it is harmful and should be prohibited. In this context, it is important to consider whether the use of marijuana is considered haram (forbidden) in Islam.

The consumption of any substance that causes intoxication or impairments of the mind is considered haram in Islam. This includes alcohol and other psychoactive drugs, and some people argue that marijuana should also be included in this category. There are several verses in the Quran that discuss the prohibition of intoxicants, including Surah Al-Baqarah, Surah Al-Ma'idah, and Surah Al-Nisa. These verses emphasize the harmful effects of intoxicants and the negative impact they can have on individuals and society. In addition to the Quranic verses, there are also hadiths (sayings and actions of the Prophet Muhammad) that discuss the prohibition of intoxicants. For example, the Prophet Muhammad is reported to have said: "Every intoxicant is khamr (wine) and every khamr is haram (forbidden)." This hadith suggests that all substances that cause intoxication are considered haram in Islam.

Some scholars argue that marijuana should be included in this prohibition because it can cause intoxication and impairments of the mind. However, other scholars take a more nuanced view, pointing out that marijuana can also have medicinal and therapeutic benefits.

For example, research has shown that marijuana can be effective in reducing chronic pain, improving sleep, and reducing the severity of certain medical conditions such as epilepsy and multiple sclerosis. In these cases, some scholars argue that the use of marijuana may be permitted in Islam if it is used for medicinal purposes and prescribed by a qualified medical professional.

However, it is important to note that even if marijuana is used for medicinal purposes, it is still considered haram if it causes intoxication or impairments of the mind. In other words, if the use of marijuana leads to a person being unable to fulfill their religious or moral obligations, or if it causes harm to the person or others, it would be considered haram.

There is also a debate among scholars about the permissibility of marijuana for recreational use. Some scholars argue that the use of marijuana for recreational purposes is always haram, regardless of the potential benefits or harm it may cause. Other scholars take a more lenient view, pointing out that the Prophet Muhammad did not explicitly prohibit the use of marijuana for recreational purposes, and that the prohibition of intoxicants in the Quran and hadiths may not necessarily apply to marijuana.

In addition to the debate about the permissibility of marijuana, there is also a discussion about the relative harm of marijuana compared to other substances. Some scholars argue that marijuana is less harmful than alcohol and other drugs, and that it should be treated differently in terms of its legal status and moral permissibility.

Evidences

Here are some Quranic verses and hadiths that discuss the prohibition of intoxicants in Islam:

Quranic verses:

  • Surah Al-Baqarah, verse 219: "They ask you about wine and gambling. Say, 'In them is great sin and [yet, some] benefit for people. But their sin is greater than their benefit.'"

  • Surah Al-Ma'idah, verse 90: "O you who have believed, indeed, intoxicants, gambling, [sacrificing on] stone altars [to other than Allah], and divining arrows are but defilement from the work of Satan, so avoid it that you may be successful."

  • Surah Al-Nisa, verse 43: "O you who have believed, do not approach prayer while you are intoxicated until you know what you are saying."

Hadiths:

  • "Every intoxicant is khamr (wine) and every khamr is haram (forbidden)." (Sahih Bukhari)

  • "O young people! Whoever among you can afford it, let him get married, for it is more effective in lowering the gaze and protecting one's chastity. And whoever cannot afford it, let him fast, for it will be a shield for him." (Sahih Bukhari)

  • "Khamr is the mother of all evils and its prohibition is one of the most important things that the Prophet (peace be upon him) was sent with." (Sunan An-Nasa'i)

Conclusion

Overall, the issue of marijuana and its permissibility in Islam is complex and multifaceted, and there is no consensus among scholars on the matter.


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