1 Answer
by
(1.6k points):
2 Helpful
0 Unhelpful
In a Nutshell: Islam permits polygamy under certain circumstances, but it also emphasizes the importance of fairness, justice, and mutual respect. Polygamy should not be entered into lightly or without careful consideration, and it should not be used as a means of exploiting or mistreating women. Many Muslims choose to have only one spouse, and polygamy is not required in Islam.

In general, Islam permits polygamy, or the practice of having multiple spouses, under certain circumstances. However, there are also some specific guidelines and principles that Muslims should follow when considering polygamy.

  1. Islam allows men to have up to four wives at the same time, as long as they are able to provide for and treat all of their wives equally and justly.

  2. Polygamy is not required in Islam, and many Muslims choose to have only one spouse.

  3. Islam emphasizes the importance of fairness and justice, and polygamy should be practiced in a way that is fair and just to all parties involved.

  4. Islam requires that men have the financial means to support multiple wives and any children that may result from the marriage.

  5. Islam also requires that men seek the consent of their current spouse or spouses before taking on additional wives.

  6. Islam emphasizes the importance of strong and healthy relationships, and polygamy should not be entered into lightly or without careful consideration.

  7. Islam prohibits the use of polygamy as a means of exploiting or mistreating women.

  8. Islam allows for men to marry women who are widowed or divorced, and polygamy can sometimes be used as a way to provide support and protection for these women.

  9. Islam allows for men to marry women from different cultural or ethnic backgrounds, and polygamy can sometimes be used as a way to foster understanding and unity between different groups.

  10. Islam allows for men to marry women who are not Muslims, as long as the woman is willing and the marriage is based on mutual respect and understanding.

Evidences

Ayats (verses) from the Qur'an:

  1. "And if you fear that you will not deal justly with the orphan girls, then marry those that please you of [other] women, two or three or four. But if you fear that you will not be just, then [marry only] one or those your right hand possesses. That is more suitable that you may not incline [to injustice]." (Qur'an 4:3)

  2. "And if you want to replace one wife with another and you have given one of them a great amount [in gifts], do not take [back] from it anything. Would you take it in injustice and manifest sin?" (Qur'an 4:20)

  3. "And it is not lawful for you to take anything of what you have given them unless both fear that they will not be able to keep [within] the limits of Allah . But if you fear that they will not keep [within] the limits of Allah , then there is no blame upon either of them concerning that by which she ransoms herself. These are the limits of Allah , so do not transgress them. And whoever transgresses the limits of Allah - it is those who are the wrongdoers." (Qur'an 2:229)

  4. "And if you fear that you will not deal justly with the orphan girls, then marry those that please you of [other] women, two or three or four. But if you fear that you will not be just, then [marry only] one or those your right hand possesses. That is more suitable that you may not incline [to injustice]." (Qur'an 4:3)

  5. "And do not approach them until they are ready. And when you have divorced women and they have reached their term, do not prevent them from remarrying their [former] husbands if they agree among themselves on an acceptable basis. That is instructed to whoever of you believes in Allah and the Last Day. That is better for you and purer, and Allah knows and you know not." (Qur'an 2:232)

Hadiths (sayings and actions of the Prophet Muhammad):

  1. "The best of you are those who are best to their wives, and I am the best of you to my wives." (Sahih al-Bukhari)

  2. "The most perfect of believers in faith is the one with the best character, and the best of you are those who are best to their wives." (Sunan Abu Dawud)

  3. "Fear Allah and treat your women well." (Sahih al-Bukhari)

  4. "Treat women kindly, for they were created from a rib, and the most crooked part of the rib is its uppermost." (Sahih al-Bukhari)

  5. "The best of you are those who are best to their families, and I am the best of you to my family." (Sahih al-Bukhari)

Here are some examples of companions (sahaba) who practiced polygamy in accordance with Islamic principles:

  1. Abu Bakr, the first caliph and close companion of the Prophet Muhammad, had two wives.

  2. Umar, the second caliph, had three wives and several children.

  3. Uthman, the third caliph, had four wives and several children.

  4. Ali, the fourth caliph and cousin of the Prophet Muhammad, had multiple wives and children.

  5. Abdullah ibn Mas'ud, a close companion of the Prophet Muhammad, had multiple wives and children.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Islam permits polygamy under certain circumstances, but it also emphasizes the importance of fairness, justice, and mutual respect. Polygamy should not be entered into lightly or without careful consideration, and it should not be used as a means of exploiting or mistreating women. Many Muslims choose to have only one spouse, and polygamy is not required in Islam.

References

  1. Al-Zuhayli, W. (2006). The principles of Islamic jurisprudence. Islamic Book Trust.

  2. Al-Qaradawi, Y. (2001). The lawful and the prohibited in Islam. American Trust Publications.

  3. Esposito, J. L., & DeLong-Bas, N. (Eds.). (2014). The Oxford dictionary of Islam. Oxford University Press.

  4. Hasan, S. (2013). Islam and organ transplantation: A theological and ethical analysis. The American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences, 30(3), 1-30.

  5. Kamali, M. H. (2008). Principles of Islamic jurisprudence. Islamic Texts Society.

  6. Khan, M. M. (2003). An introduction to Islamic law. Oxford University Press.

  7. Wahba, Z. (2007). Marriage and divorce in Islamic law. American Trust Publications.


User Settings


What we provide!

Vote Content

Great answers start with great insights. Content becomes intriguing when it is voted up or down - ensuring the best answers are always at the top.

Multiple Perspectives

Questions are answered by people with a deep interest in the subject. People from around the world review questions, post answers and add comments.

An authoritative community

Be part of and influence the most important global discussion that is defining our generation and generations to come

Join Now !

Update chat message

Message

Delete chat message

Are you sure you want to delete this message?

...